Shutting down a paper machine for vacation or normal maintenance is referred to as scheduled downtime. Elevated sediment concentrations in water can also harm filter-feeding organisms and may interfere with the functioning of the gills of some organisms.
Nitrogen oxides contribute to acid rain and can react with volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere to produce the ozone in photochemical smog.
The best-known plant nutrients include nitrogen and phosphorus. In a managed uneven-aged forest, the objective of management is to create and maintain a certain distribution of trees: For pulp, paper and paperboard wastewaters, essentially all of the organic substances measured as AOX are chlorinated compounds that result from the bleaching of pulps with chlorine and chlorinated compounds such as chlorine dioxide and hypochlorite.
Air Laid Nonwoven An air laid web that has been bonded by one or more techniques to provide fabric integrity. If holdout is Pulp and paper industry terms high, it can cause setoff transfer to the back of the previous sheet in the paper pile.
Development of old-growth forest generally takes from to years, with variation depending on forest type.
May include some offset grades such as offset business forms and envelopes. Mechanical site preparation method of scarifying the soil i.
In addition, they act as the interface between government and private sector and between the U.
The industry also has a significant presence in a number of European countries including Germany, Portugal, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland.
System of transporting logs from stump to landing by means of steel cables and winch. Because of their preference for light, shade-intolerant species are usually managed using even-aged systems. Alternative Fibers Common name for non-wood or tree free fibers. The process of removing lignin from wood or non-wood fibers.
Also known as offset printing. In the earliest days of paper making, this was done by hanging the sheets like laundry. In the center of a roll, the shaft around which the web of paper is wound. As a result, we have alliances with several of the world's largest pulp and paper producers.
These families consist of 75 different chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and different chlorinated dibenzo-p-furans. Amount of solids in the effluent. Ability of paper to retain its dimensions in all directions under the stress of production and changes in humidity.
Chemical pulp made using an alkaline cooking process with sulfur compounds. Site preparation method that involves the cutting of brush, trees or other vegetation at ground level using tractors equipped with angles or V-shaped cutting blades.
Asphalt Laminated Paper Two sheets of natural kraft paper laminated in a single ply by means of asphalt. Wastewater that has been discharged either to a sewer or to a stream or other body of water. Produced on a cylinder machine.
Aging Irreversible alteration, generally deterioration, of the properties of paper in course of time. Environmental impact of paper The pulp and paper industry has been criticized by environmental groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council for unsustainable deforestation and clearcutting of old-growth forest.
With respect to paper recycling, dirt can refer to a range of small contaminants. Dead but still standing trees.
The higher the pH, the stronger the pulp produced. Zone of forest along a forest stream where management practices that might affect water quality, fish or other aquatic resources are modified.
Additives Clay, fillers, dyes, sizing and other chemicals added to pulp to give the paper greater smoothness, color, fibered appearance or other desirable attributes. Used mainly as a publication paper where surface quality and weight are important. Percentage of moisture, by weight, found in a sheet of paper or paperboard, e.
Snags are important habitat for many species of wildlife: Alpha Pulp A specially processed, high alpha cellulose content, chemical pulp. Coastal Zone Management Act:Sinar Mas Group is the parent company of APP, Indonesia's largest pulp and paper company, which was linked to the record-breaking haze in the region in Set among thickly bamboo-forested hills, interspersed by valleys with clear running streams and impressive waterfalls, the Guizhou Chitianhua Paper Industry’s tissue mill is one of the most environmentally important production facilities in the rapidly growing Taison Group.
Welcome to the UBC – Pulp and Paper Centre. A University-Industry Partnership for Innovation and Education The Pulp and Paper Centre is an inter-disciplinary, cross-faculty research centre with specialized laboratories and offices for graduate students, post doctoral fellows, research engineers and faculty who conduct research for the benefit of the current and future pulp and paper industry.
Continued globalization of the pulp, paper, and consumer products markets have Jacobs' manufacturing clients focused on cutting expenses and increasing market share by localizing their manufacturing in high growth regions of the world such as Southeast Asia, China, India, and South America.
The pulp and paper industry consists of manufacturing enterprises that convert predominantly woody plant material into a wide variety of pulps, papers and paperboards.
The Canadian industry began in the s, and has undergone revolutionary changes over the years. Most recently, the move from. Paper product terms, paper production glossary, paper technology, paper definitions from Glatfelter global provider of quality paper products, engineered paper .Download